Transportation

Advancing Technology for America’s Transportation (2012)

Future Transportation in the United States is undergoing dramatic changes. These changes could occur at an accelerated rate, depending upon the speed of technology advancements and the economic viability of alternative fuels and vehicles. This report is the National Petroleum Council’s response to the Secretary of Energy’s request for advice on accelerating development of advanced fuel-vehicle systems through 2050 for passenger and freight transport, while examining ways to economically reduce the U.S. transportation sector’s 2050 life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

In order to examine potential impacts of accelerated technology development, this study assumes aggressive improvements in alternative fuels and vehicles can be achieved and substantial transition hurdles can be overcome. Through modeling and qualitative analysis, this approach provides insights about the possible futures of the U.S. transportation system that are associated with significant advances in vehicles powered by biofuels, electricity, hydrocarbon liquids, hydrogen, and natural gas.

Based on two years of review and analysis, the study concludes that:

  • Existing technologies can substantially increase vehicle fuel economy.
  • Overcoming twelve identified Priority Technology hurdles is essential to commercialization of advanced fuels and vehicles.
  • Implementing mitigation strategies can help overcome substantial fuel-related infrastructure challenges.
  • Continued investment in advanced fuels and vehicles could yield solutions that benefit American consumers and significantly reduce GHG emissions.
  • Achieving a 50% reduction in transportation GHG emissions by 2050 will require additional strategies beyond technology and infrastructure advances.
  • Increasing diversity of economically competitive fuels and vehicles will bolster the nation’s energy security.

In addition, the report presents five recommendations on funding, timing, GHG assessment, and collaboration in the pursuit of transportation technology advancement.

The NPC is making the study results and additional documents developed by and for the study groups available as follows:

  • Summary Report includes Report Transmittal Letter, Preface, and Executive Summary.
  • Full Report includes summary report, integrated analysis chapters, fuel and vehicle systems analysis chapters, and appendices. Integrated analysis chapters cover transportation demand, light-duty vehicle portfolios, heavy-duty vehicle portfolios, transportation sector greenhouse gas emissions, energy security, transportation technology assessment, and infrastructure. Fuel and vehicle systems analysis chapters cover light-duty engines and vehicles, heavy-duty engines and vehicles, biofuels, electric vehicles, hydrocarbon liquids, hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles, and natural gas vehicles.
  • Topic Papers and Modeling Tools (on the NPC website only): The Council commissioned numerous Topic Papers on subjects that are related to future transportation fuels and vehicles, but which are not all directly covered in the report. The modeling tools used in the integrated analyses and accompanying documentation are also provided.

All report versions, along with supporting materials, are available for viewing and downloading at no charge directly below. Printed copies of the Summary Report and Full Report are available for purchase from the NPC as follows:

SUMMARY REPORT – includes Preface and Executive Summary (72 pages)

Purchase Printed Version of the printed volume:
Price: $5.00

View/download .pdf version:
Normal resolution (18 MB)
Low resolution (5.4 MB)


FULL REPORT VOLUME – includes Preface, Executive Summary, Chapters, and Appendices
(758 total pages over two parts)
Price: $100.00


REPORT BY CHAPTER – PDF

Part One – Integrated Analyses (all files in .pdf format)

Click here to download Preface

Click here to download Executive Summary

Click here to download Chapter One: Transportation Demand

Click here to download Chapter Two: Light-Duty Vehicles

Click here to download Chapter Three: Heavy-Duty Vehicles

Click here to download Chapter Four: Technology

Click here to download Chapter Five: Infrastructure

Click here to download Chapter Six: Greenhouse Gases (GHG)

Click here to download Chapter Seven: Energy Security

Click here to download Chapter Eight: Reference Case


Part Two – Fuel and Vehicle System Analyses (all files in .pdf format)

Click here to download Chapter Nine: Light-Duty Engines & Vehicles

Click here to download Chapter Ten: Heavy-Duty Engines & Vehicles

Click here to download Chapter Eleven: Hydrocarbon Liquids

Click here to download Chapter Twelve: Biofuels

Click here to download Chapter Thirteen: Electric

Click here to download Chapter Fourteen: Natural Gas

Click here to download Chapter Fifteen: Hydrogen

Click here to download Appendix A: Request Letters, Description of the NPC, and NPC member roster

Click here to download Appendix B: Study Group Rosters

Click here to download Appendix C: Topic Paper Abstracts

Click here to download Acronyms and Abbreviations


Web-only Resources

Archive of September 15, 2011 meeting and press conference webcast

LDV and HDV Analysis Tools and Documentation

Topic Papers


REPORT BY CHAPTER – ePUB FORMAT*

Part One – Integrated Analyses (all files in .epub format)

Click here to download Preface

Click here to download Executive Summary

Click here to download Chapter One: Transportation Demand

Click here to download Chapter Two: Light-Duty Vehicles

Click here to download Chapter Three: Heavy-Duty Vehicles

Click here to download Chapter Four: Technology

Click here to download Chapter Five: Infrastructure

Click here to download Chapter Six: Greenhouse Gases (GHG)

Click here to download Chapter Seven: Energy Security

Click here to download Chapter Eight: Reference Case


Part Two – Fuel and Vehicle System Analyses (all files in .epub format)

Click here to download Chapter Nine: Light-Duty Engines & Vehicles

Click here to download Chapter Ten: Heavy-Duty Engines & Vehicles

Click here to download Chapter Eleven: Hydrocarbon Liquids

Click here to download Chapter Twelve: Biofuels

Click here to download Chapter Thirteen: Electric

Click here to download Chapter Fourteen: Natural Gas

Click here to download Chapter Fifteen: Hydrogen

Click here to download Appendix A: Request Letters, Description of the NPC, and NPC member roster

Click here to download Appendix B: Study Group Rosters

Click here to download Appendix C: Topic Paper Abstracts

Click here to download Acronyms and Abbreviations

* Best viewed when using iBooks app on Apple iPad. Click here for free download of iBooks. Install iBooks prior to downloading ePubs files, then download ePub files directly from your iPad browser.


Petroleum Storage & Transportation (1989)

The report provides data and analyses on U.S. oil and gas inventories, and storage and transportation capacities. The study updates the Council’s 1979 and 1984 studies on these subjects as well as analyzes the response of the distribution systems during periods of stress. Petroleum Storage & Transportation is presented in five volumes:

  • Volume I, Executive Summary, presents the study’s primary conclusions, a brief description of the oil and natural gas distribution system, and summaries of Volumes II through V.
  • Volume II, System Dynamics, describes how the system operates both in normal times and during periods of stress. This volume examines possible responses to six unlikely but highly stressful situations including import disruptions and pipeline outages. The volume also summarizes major changes to the distribution system since 1979.
  • Volume III, Natural Gas Transportation, describes the capability of the natural gas system as it exists today. This volume outlines the regulatory history of the industry; updates the factors affecting gas supply and demand; summarizes pipeline capacities, interconnections, and storage; and analyzes the capabilities of the national pipeline network under normal and stress conditions. Natural gas pipeline and storage data were collected by survey and are provided in maps and tables.
  • Volume IV, Petroleum Inventories and Storage, estimates inventories and storage capacities for the primary, secondary, and tertiary systems. New estimates of minimum operating inventory levels for the primary system are also provided. Additionally, the impact of petroleum futures and forward markets and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve on inventories are examined. The volume’s data were collected mostly by survey and are provided in tables.
  • Volume V, Petroleum Liquids Transportation, presents information on all forms of transportation of crude oil, refined petroleum products, and liquefied petroleum gases. These include pipelines, tankers, barges, tank trucks, and rail cars. This volume presents petroleum pipeline capacity data that were collected by survey. An inventory of waterborne transportation equipment and an examination of navigational structures and waterways is also included, as well as an examination of the U.S. tank car/tank truck fleet. The volume’s data are provided in maps and tables.

Volume I - Executive Summary
(88 pages) Price: $10.00
View/download a .pdf of the printed volume:
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Low resolution (3.6 MB)

Volume II - System Dynamics
(280 pages) Price: $40.00
View/download a .pdf of the printed volume:
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Low resolution (11.5 MB)

Volume III - Natural Gas Transportation
(314 pages) Price: $40.00
View/download a .pdf of the printed volume:
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Volume IV - Petroleum Inventories and Storage
(256 pages) Price: $40.00
View/download a .pdf of the printed volume:
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Volume V - Petroleum Liquids Transportation
(364 pages) Price: $40.00
View/download a .pdf of the printed volume:
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Low resolution ( MB)

Five volume set
(1,302 pages) Price: $150.00


Updated 4/24/15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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