Resource Development

Arctic2015

Arctic Potential: Realizing the Promise of U.S. Arctic Oil and Gas Resources (2015)

Click here to visit Arctic Potential report website

This report was prepared in response to Secretary of Energy Ernest J. Moniz’s request and provides a comprehensive study that considers research and technology opportunities to enable prudent development of U.S. Arctic offshore oil and natural gas resources.  Today, there is both increasing interest in the Arctic for economic opportunity, and concern about the future of the culture of the Arctic peoples and the environment in the face of changing climate and increased human activity.  Other nations, such as Russia and China, are moving forward with Arctic economic development.  Facilitating exploration and development in the U.S. Arctic would enhance national, economic, and energy security, benefit the people of the north and the U.S. as a whole, and position the U.S. to exercise global leadership.  Despite these benefits, there are diverse views on how to balance this opportunity with environmental stewardship.  The National Petroleum Council considered these diverse views in generating the report Arctic Potential: Realizing the Promise of U.S. Arctic Oil and Gas Resources.

The report assessments were conducted around two key themes:

  • Prudent Development in the Arctic.  This theme provides context on Arctic development experience, resource potential, regulatory practices, and the ice and sea environment in general.  The Prudent Development section is broad and its four chapters include discussions of global and domestic ice environments, experience, practices, and development potential and challenges.  This section also provides insight as the federal government takes on global leadership roles in the Arctic.
  • Offshore Arctic Research and Technology.  This theme’s analyses focus on two important areas:
    • The Technology and Operations section addresses the needs for exploration and development of conventional offshore resources.  This section includes four chapters discussing the characterization and measurement of the ice environment; offshore Arctic exploration and development technology; logistics and infrastructure; and oil spill prevention, control, and response.
    • The Ecological and Human Environment section includes two chapters characterizing these two areas of significant importance in the Arctic.

 The NPC study assessments led to seven key findings addressing:

  • Estimates of Arctic oil and gas resources
  • Challenges posed by the Arctic environment
  • History of Arctic oil and gas operations and technology advances
  • Capability of developing U.S. Arctic oil and gas resources using existing technology
  • Challenges to economic viability of U.S. Arctic oil and gas development
  • Role of securing public confidence in realizing the promise of U.S. Arctic oil and gas resources
  • Technology and regulatory advancements to reduce the potential for and consequences of a spill.

Based on these findings, the report proposes recommendations, grouped into three broad themes:

  • Environmental Stewardship
    • Oil spill prevention and source control
    • Oil spill response in ice
    • Increasing knowledge of Arctic ecology and human environment
  • Economic Viability
    • Technologies to safely extend the drilling season
    • Lease terms appropriate to Arctic conditions
    • Effective policies and regulations
    • Enabling infrastructure
  • Government Leadership and Policy Coordination
    • Domestic leadership and policy coordination
    • U.S. chairmanship of the Arctic Council.

The NPC is making the study results and many of the documents developed by the study groups available to all interested parties as follows:

  • Executive Summary Volume: Report Transmittal Letter, Full Report Outline, Preface, and Executive Summary via printed report and the NPC website
  • Full Report Volume: Report Transmittal Letter, Table of Contents, Preface, Executive Summary, 10 Chapters, and Appendices via printed report and the NPC website
  • Topic Papers via the NPC website: These formed the basis for the Technology and Operations section’s analyses that led to the development of the summary results presented in the report’s Executive Summary and Chapters.  The Council believes that these materials will be of interest to the readers of the report and will help them better understand the results.
  • Materials related to March 27, 2015, meeting at which the NPC reviewed and approved this report via the NPC website:
    • Report Video (5 minutes)
    • Study Slide Presentation by NPC Committee on Arctic Research
    • Webcast Archive of the Meeting.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY VOLUME - includes Preface and Executive Summary (84 pages)

Purchase Printed Version:
Price: $5.00

Click here to view/download PDF version of the Executive Summary volume (21 MB)

Click here to view/download a low-resolution PDF version of the Executive Summary volume (4.5 MB)

Click here to download ePUB* version of the Executive Summary volume (15 MB)


FULL REPORT VOLUME - includes Preface, Executive Summary, Chapters, and Appendices (588 pages)

Purchase Printed Version:
Price: $75.00

FULL REPORT VOLUME BY SECTION – PDF

Click here to view/download PDF version of the Executive Summary (21 MB)

Click here to view/download a low-resolution PDF version of the Executive Summary (4.5 MB)

Click here to download PDF version of Part One – Prudent Development (Overview, Chapters 1-4)
(47.8 MB)

Click here to view/download a low-resolution PDF version of Part One – Prudent Development
(Overview, Chapters 1-4) (7.4 MB)

Click here to view/download PDF version of Part Two – Technology and Operations (Overview, Chapters 5-8) (51.4 MB)

Click here to view/download a low-resolution PDF version of Part Two – Technology and Operations (Overview, Chapters 5-8) (8.8 MB)

Click here to view/download PDF version of Part Three – Ecological and Human Environment
(Overview, Chapters 9-10) (14.4 MB)

Click here to view/download a low-resolution PDF version of Part Three – Ecological and Human Environment (Overview, Chapters 9-10) (3.7 MB)

Click here to view/download PDF version of Appendices A-D and Acronyms and Abbreviations (5.6 MB)

Click here to view/download a low-resolution PDF version of Appendices A-D and Acronyms and Abbreviation (<1 MB)


FULL REPORT VOLUME BY SECTION – ePUB*

Click here to view/download ePUB version of the Full Report - includes Preface, Executive Summary, Chapters, and Appendices (243 MB)

Click here to view/download ePUB version of the Preface and Executive Summary (29.7 MB)

Click here to download ePUB version of Part One – Prudent Development (Overview, Chapters 1-4)
(60.1 MB)

Click here to view/download ePUB version of Part Two – Technology and Operations (Overview, Chapters 5-8) (117.5 MB)

Click here to view/download ePUB version of Part Three – Ecological and Human Environment
(Overview, Chapters 9-10) (36.5 MB)

Click here to view/download ePUB version of Appendices A-D and Acronyms and Abbreviations (3.5 MB)

* ePUBs are best viewed using iBooks app on Apple iPad. Click here for free download of iBooks. Install iBooks prior to downloading ePubs files, then download ePub files directly from your iPad browser.


Prudent Development: Realizing the Potential of North America’s Abundant Natural Gas and Oil Resources (2011)

Click here for downloading/purchasing options

Archive of September 15, 2011 meeting and press conference webcast

This report was prepared in response to Secretary Chu’s request and provides a comprehensive reassessment of the character and potential of North American natural gas and oil resources, and the contribution that natural gas can make in a transition to a lower carbon energy mix while achieving objectives of environmental protection, economic growth, and energy security. The report assesses resource and supply, environmental and operational, technology, demand, infrastructure, emissions, and macroeconomic considerations, and presents findings in four integrated conclusions:

  • Natural gas is an abundant resource.
  • Surprisingly, oil resources are also abundant.
  • America needs gas and oil.
  • These benefits depend upon prudent development.

Based on these findings, the report proposes five core strategies for governments and companies to assist markets in meeting the energy challenges of 2035 and beyond:

  • Support prudent development.
  • Better reflect environmental impacts in markets and choices.
  • Enhance the efficient use of energy.
  • Enhance the regulation of markets.
  • Support needed talent and know-how.

The NPC is making the study results and many of the documents developed by the study groups available to all interested parties as follows:

  • Summary Volume: Report Transmittal Letter, Preface, and Executive Summary via printed report and the NPC website
  • Full Report Volume: Report Transmittal Letter, Preface, Executive Summary, five Chapters, and Appendices via printed report and the NPC website
  • Topic and White Papers, and other supporting materials via the NPC website. These formed the basis for the analyses that led to the development of the summary results presented in the report’s Executive Summary and Chapters. The Council believes that these materials will be of interest to the readers of the report and will help them better understand the results.

SUMMARY VOLUME - includes Preface and Executive Summary (72 pages)

Purchase Printed Version:
Price: $5.00

Download .pdf version: Click here to download.

Download .epub version:

Click here to download Preface.*

Click here to download Executive Summary.*

* Best viewed when using iBooks app on Apple iPad. Click here for free download of iBooks. Install iBooks prior to downloading ePubs files, then download ePub files directly from your iPad browser.


FULL REPORT VOLUME - includes Preface, Executive Summary, Chapters, and Appendices (480 pages)

Click here to purchase printed version:
Price: $60.00.


Download .pdf version:

Click here to download Summary sections (4.8 mb)
(contains the report transmittal letter, table of contents, preface, and executive summary of the study's findings and recommendations)

Click here to download Chapter One: Resource and Supply (7.1 mb)

Click here to download Chapter Two: Operations and Environment (11.3 mb)

Click here to download Chapter Three: Demand (4.4 mb)

Click here to download Chapter Four: Carbon and Other End-Use Emissions (1.3 mb)

Click here to download Chapter Five: Macroeconomics (1.7 mb)

Click here to download Appendix A: Request Letters, Description of the NPC, and NPC Membership Roster (6.7 mb)

Click here to download Appendix B: Study Group Rosters (.5 mb)

Click here to download Appendix C: Additional Materials Available Electronically (.6 mb)

Click here to download Abbreviations and Acronyms, Conversion Factors (.3 mb)

Click here to download Figure ES-11: Natural Gas & Oil Well Regulation chart (11" x 17")

Click here to download Figure 2-9: Evolution of Technology Timeline Graphic (two-page version, 11" x 17")


Download .epub version*:

Click here to download Preface*

Click here to download Executive Summary.*

Click here to download Chapter One: Resource and Supply*

Click here to download Chapter Two: Operations and Environment*

Click here to download Chapter Three: Demand*

Click here to download Chapter Four: Carbon and Other End-use Emissions*

Click here to download Chapter Five: Macroeconomics*

Click here to download Appendix A: Request Letters, Description of the NPC, and NPC Membership Roster.*

Click here to download Appendix B: Study Group Rosters*

Click here to download Appendix C: Additional Materials Available Electronically -includes abstracts on 55 Topic/White Papers developed for the study*

* Best viewed when using iBooks app on Apple iPad. Click here for free download of iBooks. Install iBooks prior to downloading ePubs files, then download ePub files directly from your iPad browser.


Topic and White Papers

These formed the basis for the analyses that led to the development of the summary results presented in the report's Executive Summary and Chapters. While the members of the NPC were not asked to approve these papers, they believe that these materials will be of interest to the readers of the report and will help them better understand the results.

Click here to download .pdf versions of Topic and White Papers.


Marginal Wells (1994)

This report is an assessment of the costs and benefits of incentives for maintaining production from the more than 500,000 marginal oil wells in the United States. These wells produce approximately 700 million barrels of oil equivalent per year and represent $10 billion of avoided imports each year. They contribute nearly 80,000 jobs and generate close to $14 billion per year in economic activity.

The report is in response to Secretary O’Leary’s request for the NPC to evaluate the costs and benefits of various actions to maintain this production. The report presents the NPC’s recommendations for four federal income tax incentives to encourage continued operation of marginal wells, particularly in periods of low prices. Because of the cost structure of marginal wells, the NPC also recommends that regulatory, royalty, and state tax incentives and relief are needed to reduce the impact of increasing costs.

The report describes domestic oil and gas marginal well production and the access to potential reserves that those wells provide. Physical and economic characteristics of such wells are examined and evaluations of marginal well contributions to the national, state, and local economies as well as to the oil and gas industries are provided. U.S. producing wells are evaluated for marginality on a before federal income tax basis. Detailed economic analyses on an after tax basis are presented for several types of marginal well credits as well as for an improved EOR credit and an inactive well incentive. In addition, state incentives are examined and federal regulatory issues are reviewed.

(356 pages) Price: $65.00

Click here to view/download a .pdf of the printed report (low resolution - 42.3 MB).


Enhanced Oil Recovery (1984)

The 1984 EOR report presents estimates of the amount and timing of incremental oil that might be recovered through the application of EOR techniques to known reservoirs in the United States. The analysis is based on a resource data base consisting of over 2,500 reservoirs with approximately 325 billion barrels of oil originally in place. Incremental ultimate recovery achievable from EOR processes, and potential producing rates during the 30-year time frame of the study are calculated for a wide range of technical and economic assumptions (four oil prices, three minimum rate of return requirements, and two technology cases).

Three general classifications of EOR methods are considered: chemical flooding, miscible flooding, and thermal recovery. In addition, the report outlines the significant changes affecting enhanced recovery since the 1976 report was issued. The potential environmental impacts associated with EOR operations are assessed, as is the relative importance of enhanced oil recovery to the nation’s energy supply.

The report also addresses recent research efforts and the future implications for research and development programs.

(302 pages) Price: $37.50

Click here to view/download a .pdf of the printed report (normal resolution - 30.6 MB).

Click here to view/download a .pdf of the printed report (low resolution - 15.8 MB).


Third World Petroleum Development:
A Statement of Principles
(1982)

The report analyzes the factors that affect the decisions of U.S. private petroleum companies to explore for and develop petroleum in oil-importing developing countries (OIDCs). The report recommends measures that the OIDCs and U.S. government can take to encourage private companies to explore for and develop oil and gas. The NPC’s view of the appropriate role for certain third party public agencies, in particular The World Bank, is also discussed.

The report does not include detailed resource assessments, critique the programs of specific OIDCs, or discuss oil and gas exploration and development activities of countries outside the free world.

(52 pages) Price: $10.00

Click here to view/download a .pdf of the printed report (low resolution - 4.2 MB).


U.S. Arctic Oil and Gas (1981)

The report estimates the potential contribution to U.S. oil and gas supplies from production in currently undeveloped areas in the Arctic regions of the United States. In the report, the Arctic region is broadly defined as territory under U.S. jurisdiction north of Alaska’s Aleutian islands offshore and north of the Brooks Range onshore. The report discusses: resource assessment information; exploration, production, and transportation technology and economics; environmental, community, and regulatory considerations; and jurisdictional issues.

(326 pages) Price: $35.00

Click here to view/download a .pdf of the printed report (low resolution - 43.2 MB).


Unconventional Gas Sources (1980)

The report consists of five volumes: Volume I - Executive Summary; Volume II - Coal Seams; Volume III - Devonian Shale; Volume IV - Geopressured Brines; Volume V - Tight Gas Reservoirs.

For each gas source, reserve additions and producing rates are calculated at five gas prices, three rates of return, and at least two levels of technology. The volumes also include an overview of the resource, an analysis of the technological state of the art, an examination of constraints or uncertainties that may impede development or production, and a comparison of the NPC findings with those of other studies on the resource.

Volume I - Executive Summary
(56 pages) Price: $ 2.50

Volume II - Coal Seams
(128 pages) Price: $15.00

Volume III - Devonian Shale
(252 pages) Price: $20.00

Volume IV - Geopressured Brines
(212 pages) Price: $20.00

Volume V - Tight Gas Reservoirs
Part I - Resource Assessment
(492 pages) Price: $30.00
Part II - Basin Analyses
(800 pages) Price: $40.00

Download .pdf version:

Click here to view/download Interim Summary (5.9 MB)

Click here to view/download Volume I - Executive Summary (7 MB)

Click here to view/download Volume II - Coal Seams (16.8 MB)

Click here to view/download Volume III - Devonian Shale (45.8 MB)

Click here to view/download Volume IV - Geopressured Brines (33.8 MB)

Click here to view/download Volume V, Part 1 - Tight Gas Reservoirs (93.4 MB)

Click here to view/download Volume V, Part 2 - Tight Gas Reservoirs (91.1 MB)

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